- In a majority of cases, retail rate compensation for residential rooftop solar is likely too generous. However, in certain places its electricity may be worth more than the retail rate.
- Utilities in most places have not been financially harmed by rooftop solar yet
- Germany's experience with rooftop solar offers important lessons to the US since their market is more mature
- A self-consumption model for rooftop solar with compensation pegged to the true value of a system's electricity at different locations and times is the best option
- The utility business model should be radically reformed to incentivize optimal system operation with the least electricity possible
- Residential solar should not be subsidized at a greater rate than utility-scale solar. If residential solar electrons are worth more than those from utility-scale systems, they must be priced appropriately.